The Festival of Ridván

Entrance to the Garden of Ridvan in Baghdad

Riḍván  is a twelve-day festival in the Bahá’í Faith, commemorating Bahá’u’lláh’s declaration that he was a Manifestation of God. In the Bahá’í Calendar, it begins at sunset on the 13th of Jalál. In the Kitáb-i-Aqdas, Bahá’u’lláh ordains Ridván as one of two “Most Great Festivals”, along with the Declaration of the Báb. He then specified the first, ninth, and twelfth days to be holy days; these days mark the days of Bahá’u’lláh’s arrival, the arrival of his family and their departure from the Ridván garden, respectively.

The Festival of Ridván is observed according to the Bahá’í calendar, and begins on the thirty-second day of the Bahá’í year.  The festival starts two hours before sunset on that day, which symbolizes the time that Bahá’u’lláh entered the garden.

The Garden of Ridván meaning garden of paradise or Najibiyyih Garden was a wooded garden in what is now Baghdad's Rusafa District, on the banks of the Tigris river.
The garden was located in a large agricultural area immediately north of the walls of the city of Baghdad, about 450 metres (1,480 ft) from the city's northern Mu'azzam gate.

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